Total public expenditure on education by education level and programme orientation - as % of GDP

  • Dimensions

    • Unit of measure
      • Percentage of gross domestic product (GDP)
    • International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011)
      • All ISCED 2011 levels excluding early childhood educational development
      • Early childhood education
      • Early childhood educational development
      • Lower secondary education
      • Lower secondary education - general
      • Lower secondary education - vocational
      • Not elsewhere classified
      • Post-secondary non-tertiary education
      • Post-secondary non-tertiary education - general
      • Post-secondary non-tertiary education - vocational
      • Pre-primary education
      • Primary and lower secondary education (levels 1 and 2)
      • Primary education
      • Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
      • Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education - general (levels 34 and 44)
      • Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4)
      • Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education - vocational (levels 35 and 45)
      • Upper secondary education
      • Upper secondary education - general
      • Upper secondary education - vocational
    • Geopolitical entity (reporting)
      • Austria
      • Belgium
      • Bulgaria
      • Croatia
      • Cyprus
      • Czech Republic
      • Denmark
      • Estonia
      • European Union (28 countries)
      • Finland
      • France
      • Germany (until 1990 former territory of the FRG)
      • Hungary
      • Iceland
      • Ireland
      • Italy
      • Japan
      • Latvia
      • Lithuania
      • Luxembourg
      • Malta
      • Netherlands
      • Norway
      • Poland
      • Portugal
      • Romania
      • Slovakia
      • Slovenia
      • Spain
      • Sweden
      • Switzerland
      • Turkey
      • United Kingdom
      • United States